• The Differences Between Ductile Iron and Gray Iron Castings

    Jun 18, 2015· There are many grades of gray iron as per the ASTM A48 standard. While gray iron does not have a measurable yield strength, the range for tensile strength is 20,000 psi – 60,000 psi. Impact – Ductile iron has a greater resistance to impacts, and is able to resist a minimum of 7 foot pounds of impact (versus 2 pounds of impact for gray iron).

  • Gray Iron | Iron Casting Research Institute, Inc.

    Next to wrought steel, gray iron is the most widely used metallic material for engineering purposes. For 1967, production of gray iron castings was over 14 million tons, or about two and one-half times the volume of all other types of castings combined. There are several reasons for its …

  • What’s the difference between cast iron and cast steel?

    Oct 11, 2019· Let’s take a look at the difference between steel castings and iron castings according to its classification and applications. Cast Iron . Gray cast iron. High carbon content (2.7% ~ 4.0%). Gray cast iron is the most widely used cast iron containing flake graphite (accounting for more than 80% of the total production of cast iron).

  • Gray Iron Casting VS Ductile Iron Casting - Industrial ...

    Therefore, the gray cast iron is suitable material to produce iron casting parts of engine block, machinery housing, machine base, counter weights, stove parts, boiler parts, pump shells and so on. Ductile iron offers design flexibility and reduced manufacturing …

  • Difference Between Steel and Cast Iron | Difference Between

    Steel vs Cast Iron. Iron is a hard grey metal, and heavier than any of the other elements found on Earth. During a process, impurities or slag is removed from iron, and it is turned into a steel alloy. This confirms that steel is an alloy, whereas iron is an element. Iron exists in natural forms, and scientists have found it in meteorite rocks ...

  • Gray Iron Cast Precision Casting HT150,Gray Iron Cast ...

    Cast iron is an alloy mainly composed of carbon and silicon in general. Carbon content is of more than 2% of the iron-carbon alloys. Iron of higher carbon content is very crisp, and can not be forged, only steel or cast objects used. The carbon content of Industrial cast iron is generally 2% to 4%.

  • Cast Iron vs. Cast Steel - Castings for Industry

    Cast iron usually refers to gray iron, ductile iron and malleable iron. Which is an iron casting with carbon content higher than 2%. Cast steel usually refers to normal carbon steel and alloy steel. Which is a steel casting with carbon content lower than 2%.

  • Difference in Properties of Cast Iron and Mild Steel ...

    Cast iron has a lower melting point (1200 0 C) as compared to the melting point of mild steel which lies in the range of 1300 0 C and 1400 0 C. Castability Cast iron is easier to work with when it comes to casting shapes out of the material.

  • Comparison of ductile iron vs steel | Penticton Foundry

    Ductile Iron vs Steel Posted by Penticton Foundry on November 5, 2015 Which Alloy is Better? Ductile Iron vs Steel. As we’ve already compared ductile iron castings to gray iron castings we thought we’d compare ductile iron and cast steel across a variety of properties to help determine which alloy is better for a given application. This blog is a simple, generic overview.

  • Differences between Cast Iron and Cast Steel

    Cast iron is a gray colored iron, which is known for its high ductility and malleability. It is basically an iron casting that is 2% carbon, or more. Cast steel, on the other hand is the normal carbon steel, or even alloy steel. This is essentially a steel casting which carries carbon content of under 2%.

  • Gray Iron, Ductile Iron and Malleable Iron Castings ...

    We work with three types of iron: gray iron, ductile iron, and malleable iron. Each of these products can be identified by a characteristic micro-structure that contributes to a unique set of mechanical properties. GRAY Iron Castings. Gray iron is an alloy composed of 95% iron, with an addition of 2.1% – 4% carbon and 1% – 3% silicon.

  • Why does grey iron casting require less riser material ...

    Risers are provided to feed the castings during solidification.The size of the risers are decided by the composition of the castings.Since cast iron due to high carbon percentage has less shrinkage and requires less feeding metal,the riser size is...

  • Cast Steel vs. Cast Iron | INVESTMENT CASTING

    Jun 26, 2018· Cast Iron. Cast iron mainly refers to gray iron, ductile iron and malleable iron. It is an iron casting process with carbon content more than 2%. Pros and Cons of Cast Iron. Grey Iron: The grey cast iron has good vibration damping, good wear resistance, good machinability and low notch sensitivity. However, its tensile strength and elongation ...

  • Bench Vise Questions (Steel vs. Iron)

    cast iron (generic) grey iron ductile iron steel (I guess this means cast?) drop forged steel Strangely, almost all US made vises today are iron, with the better ones being ductile iron (e.g., Wilton). Why is that? Chinese vises, on the other hand, are most often made of cast iron. Some are made of (cast?) steel.

  • Gray Cast Iron and it’s Uses - Faircast, Inc. Foundry

    Jul 31, 2019· It is true that grey cast iron has less shock resistance and tensile strength than steel or most other castings, it has compressive strength that is comparable to low- and medium-carbon steel. The size and shape of the graphite flakes present in the microstructure are what control the mechanical properties in this type of casting.

  • The difference between gray cast iron and white cast iron

    Dec 16, 2019· Gray cast iron is formed by slow cooling during the smelting process. The presence of a large amount of silicon can promote graphitization. Gray cast iron is a high strength inoculated cast iron (also known as metamorphic cast iron), which is obtained by inoculation. It has excellent casting, cutting, wear resistance and shock absorption.

  • Cast Iron vs Cast Steel_Steel Castings | Wear Resistant ...

    So far, we've compared the qualities of the most basic forms of cast iron (gray iron) and cast steel (mild or carbon steel). It's worth noting that the composition and phase structure of iron and steel can greatly affect mechanical properties.

  • Chilled Cast Iron - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

    Chilled Cast Iron. When localized area of a gray cast iron is cooled very rapidly from the melt, cast iron is formed at the place that has been cooled. This type of white cast iron is called chilled cast iron. A chilled iron casting can be produced by adjusting the carbon composition of the white cast iron so that the normal cooling rate at the ...

  • Comparison of Mechanical Properties of Gray and Ductile ...

    Dec 07, 2010· Fonderie Saguenay are a jobbing shop specializing in producing components in materials such as gray iron and ductile iron. Comparison of Mechanical Properties of Cast Iron with Steel Castings. The following table has been compiled to assist with the selection of the ideal grade of cast iron for your castings.

  • Cast Iron Foundry, Gray Iron and Ductile Iron Casting

    Gray Iron Casting. Gray iron is casted iron with a graphitic microstructure that typically has a chemical composition of 2.5 – 4% carbon and 1 – 3% silicon by weight. The graphite forms three-dimensional flakes within the metal, which appear as fine lines on the polished surface. These graphite flakes make gray iron more brittle than its counterparts.

  • Difference Between Cast Iron and Steel? An In-Depth Comparison

    Cast iron is grey, ductile, and malleable. They are irons which have the content of their carbon to be more than 2%. The content of carbon, though, may confer some physical differences in the cast iron, the chemical nature will still be similar to that of the cast steel. As for cast steel, they are steel which is of alloy and are steel cast.

  • Versa-Bar Continuous Cast Iron Grades | Continuous Casting ...

    The Difference Between Gray and Ductile Iron. Gray and ductile continuous cast iron are two of the most dominant metals produced in the industry today. Ductile is often thought of to be an “upgraded” version of gray iron, but this outlook is sweeping and simplistic.

  • ASTM A36 Carbon Steel vs. Grey Cast Iron :: MakeItFrom.com

    May 30, 2020· Both ASTM A36 carbon steel and grey cast iron are iron alloys. They have a moderately high 93% of their average alloy composition in common. There are 30 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (2, in this case) are not shown.

  • Difference Between Steel and Cast Iron | Compare the ...

    Sep 10, 2011· Summary – Steel vs Cast Iron. Both steel and cast iron are two forms of alloys of iron. However, there are several differences between the two forms. Aboveall, the key difference between steel and cast iron is that the steel is ductile and malleable whereas the cast iron is hard and has high compressive strength. Reference: 1. Wondris, E.F ...

  • Steel Castings | Cast Steel vs. Cast Iron - Ferralloy Inc.

    Mar 01, 2017· Steel Castings vs. Iron Castings. Strength. Both steel and iron have high strength. However, cast iron typically has a better compressive strength than steel. Corrosion Resistance. Iron has a better resistance to corrosion than steel. That being said, both metals will oxidize and begin to fade away in the presence of moisture.

  • The Difference between Ductile Iron and Gray Iron ...

    Gray Iron. American Iron and Alloys has the best replacement for steel in the form of V-2 Class 40 Versa Bar continuous cast gray iron.During solidification, rod-like graphite flakes precipitate into the composition, outlining the difference between gray and ductile iron.

  • Cast Iron vs Cast Steel | Metal Casting Blog

    Jun 26, 2018· Cast Iron. Cast iron mainly refers to gray iron, ductile iron and malleable iron. It is an iron casting process with carbon content more than 2%. Pros and Cons of Cast Iron. Grey Iron: The grey cast iron has good vibration damping, good wear resistance, good machinability and low notch sensitivity. However, its tensile strength and elongation ...

  • Cast Iron Types | Metal Casting Resources

    Gray iron is not as ductile as other forms of cast iron and its tensile strength is also lower. However, it is a better thermal conductor and has a higher level of vibration damping. It has a damping capacity that is 20–25 times higher than steel and superior to all other cast irons.

  • The 4 Types of Cast Iron - Monroe Engineering

    Jul 30, 2019· Gray cast iron isn’t as strong as steel, nor is it able to absorb the same shock as steel. With that said, gray cast iron offers similar compressive strength as steel. As a result, it’s become a popular choice of metal for applications involving compressive strength. #2) White Cast Iron. While not as common as gray cast iron, white cast ...

  • Cast iron vs. stainless steel: Which should you cook with ...

    Nov 22, 2019· Cast iron is also great for baking. Aside from its excellent searing ability, it’s also an iconic baking tool. From classic desserts like cobblers to quick breads like Irish soda bread, cast irons can bake up grandma-style, buttery desserts with crispy edges without requiring too much baking knowledge.What’s even better is the presentation—a steaming-hot, beautiful galette in a cast iron ...